Canada’s 43 rd Federal Election – By The Numbers

With the dust settling and results in, the endless news cycles around the federal election are already fading into the rear-view mirror. That said, the numbers and what they mean for each party still warrant further examination – so here are the most important numbers from the election, by party.


157 – That’s the number of seats the Liberals won, and they will, therefore, form a minority government. Of those elected MPs, 52 are women and 40 self-identify as people of colour. For a Liberal Party touting diversity, these are pretty good numbers. 33% of their elected
MPs are women compared to 29% of elected MPs overall, and this is an increase from 2015 which saw 50 female Liberal candidates result in only 27% of women Liberal MPs elected. Keeping on the theme of diversity, the Liberals’ group of elected, visible minorities make up 12% of the 16% of visible minorities elected to the house.


The Conservatives gained a healthy increase in seats this election – 26 to be exact – yet it was not enough to carry them to government. The Conservatives gained ground in the Prairies and B.C. while losing ground in Québec and their expected breakthrough in Ontario just didn’t happen. Conservatives got a mere 36 Ontario seats compared to the 73 they won in 2011. Conservatives also have the lowest gender balance out of any federal party, with only 18% of their elected MPs being women. Interestingly, the Conservatives won the popular vote at 6,150,177 votes (34.4%), beating the Liberals by approximately 240,000 votes, while still receiving 36 less seats.

New Democratic Party

The NDP formed the official opposition in 2011 with 103 seats, 59 of those coming from Quebec. This election, only eight years later, saw the NDP lose all but one of their seats in Quebec and win a mere 24 in total, down 18 from 2015’s election result. This result came despite some rising poll numbers leading up to the election. The final count saw the NDP drop almost 600,000 votes and fall from 19.7% to 15.9% of the popular vote. A total of five people of colour were elected under the NDP banner, along with nine women – 33% of their MP’s.


The record-breaking Green campaign saw a 150% increase in seats won during a general election and almost a 200% increase in popular vote, bringing the total Green caucus to 3 members. They only elected 1 last time, Elizabeth May herself. Notably, they had won a by-election in the interim bringing them up to 2 elected before dissolution. It’s worth noting that the Greens made waves in several ridings across the country, mainly in Atlantic Canada and B.C., while coming in second in seven ridings – including Kitchener Centre and Guelph.

Bloc Québécois

The Bloc is back, gaining 22 seats to bring their total count up to 32. The Bloc didn’t rise to the heights of their 1993-2008 period elections, but they still gained enough seats to make a difference, along with increasing their share of Québec’s popular vote from 19.3% to 32.5%. The Bloc remained entirely white but elected 12 female MP’s – 37.5% of their caucus.

People’s Party

The People’s Party never really got off the ground. When all was said and done, the People’s Party received just under 300,000 votes (1.6% nationally) and failed to win a single seat. Bernier himself lost his longheld seat by over 6,000 votes to Conservative candidate Richard Lehoux. Bernier vows that his party will return. He calls his party the “fastest growing political party.” However, with his candidates barely making a dent in their ridings, it is difficult to see how they become a serious force. The other high-profile candidate for the PPC, Reneta Ford, only received 1,183 votes in her riding.